The paper analyses two models of successful clusters at the international level, namely, the model of French competitiveness poles and the American model of innovative clusters. In this regard it was considered the study of the policies regarding the structure of organization and governance of the French and the American clusters, their principles of operation, funding systems, and their specific peculiarities. The paper also provides a comparative analysis of the main features of these two models of clusters, highlighting the factors that contribute to their success at the international level, aspects that are part of the competitiveness policy supported by the respective states.


innovative cluster, pole of competitiveness, governance structure, funding systems, competitiveness policy


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