Iulian Apostu


The current data about the marital relations indicate with a substantial share in all the existing statistics that the partners are assessed with modern structures. They speak of equality, fairness as regarding the tasks, the gender attitudes and the functional system. However, the same social data reveals that between the declaration and the practical fact there are often obvious differences.

The same relevance and has the historical data indicating that in 1866 Romania, the Constitution of the Kingdom attested the equal rights of all Romanians, though, from the legal authentication of this law until the assimilation of the social equity a lot of time has passed. However, the social inequities are still visible in each social structure and the idea of ​​gender equity melts into a set of roles that show, of course, in a diminished form, functional elements of a traditional marriage. Today, most times, the woman’s desire to assert socially and professionally has a cost – the role overcrowding. Women take care about their career but do not neglect the classic set of spousal role, which often places them in a position to choose between career and family. Moreover, the childbirth becomes an even greater challenge as the decision for the pregnancy must be accompanied by a decision for a career break. This is also becoming a challenge in itself given that the child dependency on their mother and the career break make the reintegration of women in the professional environment increasingly difficult.

Based on a qualitative analysis, the study aims to analyze how women manage to build their own balance between career and family by organizing the functional way of restructuring family activities in relation to their career. Also, it aims to identify the impact that the women’s return to work after the maternity leave produces upon the family.


role equity, role inequity, marriage functionality, woman career, maternity.


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